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Homework due Thursday October 22

Before class on Thursday complete the following:

  1. Watch the documentary ‘Alaska Gold’about the proposed Pebble Mine in Bristol BayLetters: Alaska Gold, over crowded salmon waters
  2. Watch my friend Jason Ching’s
    1. Pick 10 of the following Questions and turn in as a reply to this post:
      1. Briefly summarize the crux of the ecological issue regarding the proposed Pebble Mine in Bristol Bay


      1. From Alaska Gold and Jason Ching’s Above Iliamna, what words might you use to describe the biological and physical setting in Bristol Bay? Do any of these words create challenges when considering the proposed Pebble Mine?



      1. What aspects of the specific form of mining and specific mineral being extracted is cause for concern for some scientist and environmental organizations?



      1. What aspects of the proposed specific location of the mine may reduce the potential impact and what may aggravate the effects?



      1. Which biological traits of sockeye salmon may make them resilient to these changes and which may make them sensitive?


      1. Briefly describe how Bristol Bay ranks in terms of wild salmon production compares to other locations



      1. Who owns the land proposed to be mined?


      1. Who is the Pebble Partnership?



      1. What types of streams would be directly impacted by the mine activity and why do they matter in the life history of salmon?


      1. What needs to be proven in Alaska in order for streams to have the highest level of protection from development?



      1. How long is it estimated that the mine will operate, how long would the foot print of the mine remain?



      1. Briefly describe the concerns by local residents that rely on subsistence resources and whether there is 100% agreement or debate? What things did you hear from the two ‘sides’ of the debate?



      1. According to McEvoy, the Pebble Mine project is likely or unlikely to be sustainable? What about according to Solow?



      1. Over 50% of the returning salmon to Bristol Bay are sustainably caught each year. Describe the logic of intentionally harvesting a population at about 50% of its unfished state in order to maximize catch into the future.


      1. If a person is opposed to the Pebble Mine and drives a hybrid vehicle (or anything that uses copper) does it make them a hypocrite? Why or why not?



      1. Describe how the Environmental Protection Agency became involved, what they found in their watershed assessment, and the response by different communities


      1. Under what federal Act would the EPA potential block construction of Pebble Mine?


FTT #6

The collapse of the Newfoundland cod industry should have taught us two things: that fishing should be regulated and that data can be misleading. The largest amount of the nails in the coffin of this fisheries is that the fishermen weren’t properly managed. When people first settled along the Eastern shores of North America, it was said that you could walk across the water on the backs of cod. Within a few hundred years, there were boats from all over the world fishing these cod, mostly off the coast of Newfoundland. These fisheries were poorly managed, especially with the technological advancements including freezer boats and sonar. The new technology made it easier to stay out longer without losing the fish and the sonar made finding fish easier than ever. Until the sixties, international fishing was allowed in Newfoundland and that was the worst decision because the international boats outnumbered the Canadian fleet. After these boats were no longer welcomed in Canadian waters, the damage had already been done. It took another 30 years to almost completely wipe out the cod with just local fishing. Fisheries managers were confusing data. Sometimes they were seeing hauls that said it was the end of the world for these cod, and other times is appeared that the cod were making a comeback somehow. Something that wasn’t factored for was the when and where. The larger hauls that the managers were seeing were happening during breeding season, when cod tend to mass together in huge schools that not only made them easier to find and catch, but also made the cod numbers seem much larger than they were. By the year 1992, cod had just about vanished from the waters off of Newfoundland. In conclusion, the two major things we should have learnt from the collapse of the cod fisheries in Newfoundland is that the fishermen should be managed and that the data should always be looked at with respect to factors that may not be openly represented on a graph. You could say that all of this is the manager’s faults, and you wouldn’t be wrong in any way.


Mt approach to studying in this class is a lot different then how I study for other classes. Fist off theres not really any homework you can go back and review on so I went to the class recording and skipped through to the parts that had the most information and just reviewed that. I also went to my notes and looked at those to remind myself of the small things I forgot.

FTT#3 Salmo Domesticus

Salmo Doemsticus: Domesticated Salmon

Salmo salar: Wild Salmon

Mart Gross, a conservation biologist is a person to raise recognition of a new species called “Salmo Domesticus” 1998,  He stated, “Domesticated salmon are about as different from wild salmon adogs are from wolves.” Like dogs, salmon have now become dependent on humans to survive.

This the first time I have heard the term “Salmo Domesticus” and my first thought was “must be talking about domesticated salmon.” As far as researching online I had a hard time locating articles using the term “Salmo Domesticus.”

The process started in Norway, a process that disrupted the wild salmon across the world. The process began to make salmon twice the size and grow faster therefore adding to the marketplace. The wild salmon gene is almost to extinction, farm-raised salmon are overtaking the wild salmon. Over the years I personally have seen salmon on the interior drop in size and numbers. Recently I was introduced to sea lice, a common problem in farm raising salmon.

It definitely is a curse to me, and how can it be solved?

When I look at both sides with an open mind I see that we can definitely put more salmon in the marketplace but at what cost?

Farming salmon is a risky business because it brings diseases from the hatchery to the open sea therefore spreading and harming wild salmon. Farming salmon erases the wild gene in the salmon and then what?

Salmon go to the sea to mature and when are done maturing and need to spawn then head to freshwaters to spawn. The curse lies in the removal of the wild genome and diseases that happen due to human failure.

FTT 9/30

My approach to studying is usually to read through my notes from whatever chapter/section a quiz is on and if needed, look up quizlets or make flashcards, although this isn’t that type of class. For this quiz I looked over my notes from all the past lectures, I usually go through them and highlight over things to remember them. There’s this tip I learned from my AP biology class in high school where you leave yourself questions in the margins of your notes when you’re taking them so that when you go back to study, you have ready made comprehension questions to go along with your read-through study routine. Another good method is to write a summary paragraph after your chapter/section notes to cement things in your brain by writing. Sorry this post is late, I didn’t know we had an assignment.


The way I studied for this quiz was through going over the notes that I’ve been taking through the class so far. Going back over what I did not understand and looking at a different perspective to help me understand and retain what was said. For the one I simply could not comprehend on my own, I went back and watch the lesson to see what Peter was talking about and how he tried to explain it. Bouncing back and forth with the notes, if I really could not understand it then I would do some research on the subject and see what other people have said.

Do not think that I’ve been taking very good notes, trying to make it make sense to me is quite challenging when I do not have a firm understanding of it. I would probably need to take more detailed notes so I would be able to reference off of what was said that day .and make it to where it is easier for me to read it. What ever part that I have a hard time one, once should have utilize all of my resources to help me understand a bit more. Asking more questions to make sure that what I am thinking is correct and not just somewhat correct. Putting a little more time into studying the material because I believed that I could of done better on the first quiz.


I do well with listening to the lectures and then doing some reading on the side to get a deeper understanding of what we learned. Whether that be studies with a similar topic or news articles about current issues in fisheries. I think that helps make things really stick in my brain. Having a deeper understanding that I can apply to everyday conversations makes it easier for me to ditch my notes. I am lucky to have friends in fisheries and I believe being able to go out and chat, learn, and grow from them helps me immensely. I didn’t use any notes thus far and feel like I did well on the quiz. I really did have to think hard though when making my posts to make sure I was touching every subject required to get full credit. Next time around I will do the same as I have done, but maybe try to take more physical notes to study with prior since the quiz seemed to be based on something we spoke about in particular during lecture. It is nice to have quizzes that really pick at your brain and make you think. Those are the questions that make me excited to learn more in fisheries and have a deeper understanding.

FTT studying

My approach to studying for this quiz was simple, I took notes during lectures and then reviewed the lecture slides. I then made questions based off the lecture slides and my notes, so that I had some kind of study guide built.  I think this worked pretty well for me. However, I think this strategy works better if the question topics for an exam are defined before the exam. This quiz had a large possible number of topics, and only one was chosen. My strategy would’ve worked better if the test was longer and more broad, or if we had known what it would’ve been about before hand.

In the future I would like to study with study groups more. I think this would be especially helpful in a class like this where it’s very discussion based. I also think that I need to start studying sooner and studying over a longer period of time so that I retain the information better.  I also think it would’ve been helpful if I read and copied my notes and lecture slides as many times as possible. Other people in class have said this is helpful, along with my  own personal experience that has shown this to be true. Overall, I think my study methods for this test were pretty adequate, but could have incorporated more passive styles of studying such as repeated reading  and repeated note taking. I would also have benefited from study groups.

FTT #04 – Syrena

My studying was composed of simply looking over the lecture slides before starting the quiz. Due to a full course load, I am often busy with one assignment or another until the last minute and don’t tend to have time to study. I try to take notes, but they don’t tend to be useful; I just pay attention during the lectures and understand the material. I feel confident in my answers because I understood the material that was presented. If I have the time to study, I will try to take some usable notes though I don’t expect that I will.

I know that this is nowhere near 250 words, but I really don’t have anything else to say. I think that this assignment should have been optional, so that people like me could have been left alone and not have our inadequacies dragged into the light. Sorry for the mini rant, it’s 11:37pm and I’m tired.