All posts by Axel Hugo

FTT #6

The collapse of the Newfoundland cod industry should have taught us two things: that fishing should be regulated and that data can be misleading. The largest amount of the nails in the coffin of this fisheries is that the fishermen weren’t properly managed. When people first settled along the Eastern shores of North America, it was said that you could walk across the water on the backs of cod. Within a few hundred years, there were boats from all over the world fishing these cod, mostly off the coast of Newfoundland. These fisheries were poorly managed, especially with the technological advancements including freezer boats and sonar. The new technology made it easier to stay out longer without losing the fish and the sonar made finding fish easier than ever. Until the sixties, international fishing was allowed in Newfoundland and that was the worst decision because the international boats outnumbered the Canadian fleet. After these boats were no longer welcomed in Canadian waters, the damage had already been done. It took another 30 years to almost completely wipe out the cod with just local fishing. Fisheries managers were confusing data. Sometimes they were seeing hauls that said it was the end of the world for these cod, and other times is appeared that the cod were making a comeback somehow. Something that wasn’t factored for was the when and where. The larger hauls that the managers were seeing were happening during breeding season, when cod tend to mass together in huge schools that not only made them easier to find and catch, but also made the cod numbers seem much larger than they were. By the year 1992, cod had just about vanished from the waters off of Newfoundland. In conclusion, the two major things we should have learnt from the collapse of the cod fisheries in Newfoundland is that the fishermen should be managed and that the data should always be looked at with respect to factors that may not be openly represented on a graph. You could say that all of this is the manager’s faults, and you wouldn’t be wrong in any way.

FP #5

Frankly, I did not study for this test. It has nothing to do with being cocky, it had everything to do with the fact that I didn’t know what was going to be on this test. I may have missed it, or maybe it was never stated, but the fact remains that I didn’t study because I didn’t know what to study. My high school teachers were too nice, most of them gave us practice tests and it really doesn’t help me now. Generally, when I do study, I like to look over my notes and memorize dates, names, events, rough definitions, and equations. I mean it all depends on the class, but that’s the gist of it. I find memorizing something for a class fairly easy, especially if it’s a short term thing I won’t need to remember for a long time. One thing I find helpful is listening to music through a speaker of some kind to drown out the emptiness. It drove my parents batty, but I cannot concentrate in silence when it comes to homework and studying.

While I generally just read notes and take info in for a short period of time, that’s not my only way of studying. Sometimes, if I have a lot of time and it’s something I will need for a long period of time, I try to make a little jingle out of whatever I’m trying to remember. This is something I learnt from my music/band/math teacher, and to this day I still remember the Quadratic Formula.

In conclusion, music is always a part of my studying.


As far as I know, Salmo domesticus, is like a chicken. Paul Greenberg described how they first created the frankenfish in Four Fish, and frankenfish is the right word for it. They took a bunch of different strains of Atlantic Salmon and bred them together, selective breeding, and created a fish that grows fast, doesn’t eat as much, and doesn’t mind living life in a pen. Amazingly, the fish seem to be able to adapt to life like a normal salmon when they break free and survive. In Four Fish, Greenberg does state that these frankenfish manage to breed in rivers and carry on with their steelhead-esque life, slowly bringing salmon runs back to the East Coast of Canada. Although that is a good thing in my mind, and I also like the fact that they manage to really take strain off of the wild salmon left, I feel that farming them in the Pacific Ocean and down in the Southern Hemisphere can be incredibly harmful due to the same reason they are a good thing in the Atlantic. I have heard reports of pens breaking open in British Columbia and the salmon running up rivers on the West Cost, making them an invasive species.